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Folds in pUG molecules turn off genes and could provide clues about human disease

December 12, 2022

A curlicue RNA molecule dubbed a pUG can silence gene expression in roundworms, according to new findings. Researchers are using what they've learned to study human pUGs and their role in our own gene expression.

Study finds that big rains bring big algae blooms… eventually

November 28, 2022

Phosphorus is only one part of the algae bloom recipe, research shows. Other key factors at play are calm winds, warm surface waters and a low abundance of tiny crustaceans called zooplankton.

UW researchers working to improve and simplify models for how PFAS flows through the ground

November 22, 2022

Researchers found that several factors have a major influence on where and how long harmful PFAS chemicals stay locked in the ground before flowing below the water table.

Probiotic ‘backpacks’ show promise for treating inflammatory bowel diseases

November 11, 2022

UW researchers demonstrate just how much promise some well-equipped bacteria hold for improved inflammatory bowel disease treatments.

Study shows differences between brains of primates — humans, other apes and monkeys — are small but significant

November 8, 2022

The cellular differences between these species may illuminate steps in their evolution and how those differences can be implicated in disorders, such as autism and intellectual disabilities, seen in humans.

Sewer sleuthing, air vacuuming scientists keep tabs on COVID-19

November 4, 2022

Neighboring pathology labs at UW Madison team up to trace viruses in the air and in the sewers.

Marine Protected Area creates spillover benefits for tuna fishing in Hawaii

November 1, 2022

The study showed that catch rates in waters close to the protected area increased by about 54% for yellowfin tuna, about 12% for bigeye tuna and about 8% across all fish species.

Understanding freshwater foam may help in fight against PFAS “forever chemicals”

October 18, 2022

Research in the School of Engineering will advance our understanding of how PFAS chemicals behave in diverse aquatic conditions.

Despite commitments, Brazil’s beef sector tainted by purchases from protected lands in Amazon basin

October 17, 2022

Despite improvements by meatpackers to keep their supply chains free of cattle grazed on protected or illegally deforested lands, many slaughterhouses in Brazil — the world's top beef exporter — continue to purchase illegally pastured animals on a large scale, a new study shows.

Improved understanding of early spinal cord development paves the way for new treatments

October 17, 2022

Researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison are developing the means to turn stem cells into a wide range of specific types of spinal cord neurons and cells in the hindbrain — the critical nexus between the spinal cord and the brain — paving the way for improved prevention and treatment of spinal cord disease.

UW’s Monica Kim named MacArthur Fellow

October 12, 2022

Historian and UW–Madison faculty member Monica Kim has been awarded a 2022 MacArthur Fellowship, also known as a "genius grant," for her work uncovering the experiences of ordinary people caught in war and complicating conventional narratives of conflict.

Most preprint studies of COVID-19 hold up through peer-review

October 11, 2022

Quantifying the differences typically seen after studies cross the peer-review finish line can help consumers of the freshest science consider how much weight they give preprint results as they report on discoveries or issue public health guidance.

Decoding how bacteria talk with each other

September 16, 2022

UW–Madison researchers have learned that a drastically scaled-down model of a microbial community makes it possible to observe some of the complex interactions.

How a small, unassuming fish helps reveal gene adaptations

September 8, 2022

New UW–Madison research sheds light on the genetic basis by which stickleback populations inhabiting ecosystems near each other developed a strong immune response to tapeworm infections, and how some populations later came to tolerate the parasites.

Lightning strikes shape tropical forests

September 2, 2022

New UW–Madison research helps establish lightning as an environmental driver that may dictate what trees will make up tropical forests in the future.

New institute will probe biology in the absence of water

August 30, 2022

The microscopic, hardy tardigrade. Image courtesy of National Park Service They’re microscopic, they have eight legs and they basically resemble tiny, wrinkly bears.

X(ray) marks the spot in elemental analysis of 15th century printing press methods

August 11, 2022

Two UW–Madison researchers are part of a large, interdisciplinary team that is analyzing historical texts, including pages from a Gutenberg bible and Confucian texts, with a technique that could offer insights into early printing methods.

Stereotypes can be self-reinforcing, stubborn even without any supporting evidence

August 2, 2022

In the study, people who got feedback that largely ran counter to stereotypes didn’t learn from that feedback, continued stereotyping at their same rate despite the feedback saying that the stereotypes were inaccurate.