Photo gallery UW-built instrument will enhance views of distant galaxies
A near-infrared spectrograph — an instrument that splits light into its individual colors, or wavelengths, to form a rainbow-like spectrum — will soon be shipped to South Africa from UW–Madison. The next-generation instrumentation, custom-built by staff in UW–Madison’s Washburn Astronomical Laboratories, just passed pre-shipping review and is on schedule to be disassembled and soon shipped for installation and use at the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) in the remote, desert highland of the Karoo near Sutherland, South Africa.
The principal investigator, senior scientist Marsha Wolf, tells us why a telescope needs a spectrograph, why we’re sending one to South Africa, how it will be used, and why it’s important to the UW.
Related: More information, photos and video about SALT and UW–Madison’s involvement in our award-winning multimedia feature Origins.
Instrument engineer Mike Smith, left, and senior scientist Jeff Percival describe the functions of the spectrograph they designed, built and programmed.
The next-generation instrument recently passed pre-shipping review and is on schedule to be disassembled in mid-February for its journey to the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT), where it will be installed and ready for use by late summer.
Fiber optic cables, each eventually connecting to a separate section of the telescope’s optical array, feed into the spectrograph.
The spectrograph is currently housed within a 10x10x10-foot climate-controlled unit in Chamberlin Hall.
Celestial objects appear in the night sky above the Southern African Large Telescope near Sutherland, South Africa in 2017.
The light collected by the telescope’s 11-by-10-meter array of 91 hexagonal mirrors (shown in 2017) will pass through the spectrograph when it is installed, replacing an earlier version also built at the UW.