The microorganisms that reside in the gut work in tandem with the genes of a host organism to regulate insulin secretion, a key variable in the onset of diabetes.
Recent studies have shown that the complement of microorganisms known as the microbiome is an important determinant of human health and disease.
The upshot of the study is another indictment of the so-called Western diet, high in saturated fats, sugar and red meat.
The federal government has launched the National Microbiome Initiative to “foster the integrated study of microbiomes across different ecosystems.”
For almost 60 years, the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (WLS) has closely followed the life course of roughly a third of Wisconsin high school graduates from the class of 1957.
Over the last decade or so, biologists have mustered an ever-growing appreciation for the essential role of microbial communities in a diversity of environments.